Grand Canyon University takes a proactive approach to supporting faculty and students so that academic work is original. The Turnitin resource allows both students and instructors to check written work to make sure it is of the highest integrity when it comes to the originality of text. GCU sees Turnitin as a support tool to better assist students as they learn about proper citation and giving credit to others while the student crafts their own thoughts into written form. By checking the originality of text, students and instructors can work together to improve the student's work and limit the dangers of plagiarism.

All GCU faculty are encouraged to utilize the Turnitin tool as a preliminary resource before grading student papers.

Citation and Quotation Tips

  • If an author's words or ideas are quoted or summarized in your own words, credit must be given to that author by using an inline citation and (in most cases) a reference page.
  • Paraphrasing is conveying the authors idea in your own words. This does not require quotation marks. 
  • Quotations use the author's exact wording and require "quotation marks" around those words. 
  • Hints when using quotations:
    • Use them wisely. 
    • Remember that the purpose of the assignment typically displays the wealth of knowledge , concepts, and reflections developed from the course(s).
    • A page or paragraph number is always required when using a quote. 
    • [sic] is used to indicate a mistake found within the quote. 
    • (...) is used if a part of the quote is eliminated.
    • [emphasis added] is around your own comments within the quotation. 
    • If not common knowledge, information must cite the material from which that information was learned. 
  • Crediting sources requires both in-text citations and a separate reference page (there are specific exceptions to reference page entries , such as a personal communication or "ancient Greek and Roman works or classical religious works" (APA Publication manual, P 179). 
  • In-text citations found within the paper should also be found in the reference page and vice versa.
  • For proper use of citations, please refer to the American Psychological Association (APA) latest edition Publication Manual.